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April theme month of mining and metals
APRIL  :
Mines and quarries, iron, steel and other metals

The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was first proposed by French foreign minister Robert Schuman on 9 May 1950 as a way to prevent further war between France and Germany.
It was an organisation of 6 European countries set up after World War II to regulate their industrial production under a centralised authority. It was formally established in 1951 by the Treaty of Paris, signed on signed on 18 April 1951 by Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The ECSC was the first international organisation to be based on the principles of supranationalism, and started the process of formal integration which ultimately led to the European Union.
This is the reason why EFAITH has chosen April for the theme month on mining and metals

 

Mining and metals

European History has a lot of connection with mining. The search for materials and minerals from the earth  started with the earliest European history and is a vital part of European Life.
Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Stone tools of obsidian and flint that indicate how men first worked to shape stone and rock, and mine materials for their usage.
As the evolving of metals began, there is evidence of metal copper smelting that took place in the Balkans in around 5000 B.C. Around 3000 B.C there were other locations in Europe, in Central Europe, Slovakia and Ireland, even in Britain where there was copper mining and copper smithing.
Deep mines were expanded in Western and Central Europe around 800 B.C. Rome, Italy and other mining nations began to establish themselves around 500 B.C. especially silver, lead and gold mining.

Georgius Agricola, De Re Metallica, 1556Georgius Agricola, De Re Metallica, 1556

 

 

 

 

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In his book 'De Re Metallica' (1556 ) Georgius Agricola expressed the opinion that metals and mining lay at the heart of civilisation - but he also gave a voice to the (then also existing) opponents of mining, and their arguments of despoiling and pollution, their concerns about the safety of miners and thoughts aboutr the evil products of metals such as weapons... This sounds very modern

 

 

 

Post stamp DDR
Post stamp Sweden
Post stamp Austria
Post stamp Czechoslovakia​Post stamp France
Post stamp Norway

ON THE MAIN PROGRAM

 

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PROGRAM

    ON THE MAIN PROGRAM

    • 13-15 April:
      European meeting of mining heritage associations and volunteers

    •   a meeting to exchange ideas and information, to establish contacts and to build networks for the saveguarding and interpretation of mining heritage

    Go to the conference website

     

    • EVENTS BY COUNTRY

     

    country town event
         
         
         
         
         
         
         

    For this theme month YOU still can register YOUR events